Greek name for the Egyptian Abu, modern Aswan, capital of the first nome of Upper Egypt. The site located on an island in the Nile marked the southern limit of the border of Egypt proper and was the main entrepot for goods imported from the south, notably ivory, from which its name in Egyptian and Greek derives. Remains have been found from the Predynastic Period (NaqadaIII) to the Roman Period. The principal deity worshipped at the main temple was the ram-headed god Khnum, together with the goddesses Satis andAnukis. There was a smaller temple devoted to Satis erected by Thutmose III and Hatshepsut. The important shrine of the deified Heqaib is also located here. Rock tombs from the Old Kingdom to the New Kingdom are located on the west bank of the Nile at Qubbet el-Hawa. The Nilometer records the levels of the flood and dates from the Roman Period. Interesting records of a Jewish colony during the Persian Period have been discovered here. Elephantine was excavated by German archaeologists from 1906–1907, by a French team from 1907–1909, by Egyptian archaeologists in 1932 and from 1946–1947, and by a Swiss archaeologist from 1953–1954, and it has been systematically excavated by a GermanSwiss expedition since 1969. The nearby tombs were examined by a second German expedition from 1960–1973.
   See also Nubia.
Historical Dictionary Of Ancient Egypt by Morris L. Bierbrier

Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. . 2011.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ELEPHANTINE — (Aram. יֵב, yb; Eg. ibw, bw; Gr. ieb), the city of ivories, situated at the eastern bank of the southern end of a small island in the Nile, just north of the First Cataract and opposite the City of Sun (the Syene of Ezek. 29:10 and opposite… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Elephantine — Elephantine in Hieroglyphen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ÉLÉPHANTINE — Île située au nord de la première cataracte du Nil, en face d’Assouan. Elle possède de nombreuses ruines: plusieurs temples dédiés à Knoum, le dieu égyptien à tête de bélier. C’était un centre militaire et commercial important à la frontière sud… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Elephantine — ( ar. جزيرة الفنتين) is an island in the River Nile, located just downstream of the First Cataract at coord|24|05|N|32|53|E| at the southern border of Ancient Egypt. This region is referred to as Upper Egypt because the ancient Egyptians oriented …   Wikipedia

  • Elephantine — El e*phan tine, a. [L. elephantinus of ivory, Gr. ?: cf. F. [ e]l[ e]phantin.] Pertaining to the elephant, or resembling an elephant (commonly, in size); hence, huge; immense; heavy; as, of elephantine proportions; an elephantine step or tread.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Elephantine —   [griechisch »Elefantenstadt«, vielleicht wegen des Elfenbeinhandels], ägyptisch Jebu, Ạbu, Jeb, Nilinsel unterhalb des ersten Katarakts gegenüber Assuan mit gleichnamigem Ort im Süden der Insel. Von dieser Grenzfestung zogen in altägyptischer… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Elephantīne — (Elephantis), 1) fruchtbare Insel im Nil, Assuan gegenüber, gut angebaut u. einst wichtige Grenzfeste gegen Nubien. Die Insel wird jetzt meist Dschesiret el Zaher od. Dschesiret el Sag genannt; 2) Stadt am Südostende derselben, stark befestigt;… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Elephantīne — (jetzt Dschesireh es Saher, »Blumeninsel«, häufiger Dsch. Assuân), Insel im Nil, der Stadt Assuân (Syene) gegenüber, 1,5 km lang, 0,5 km breit, gut angebaut, mit zwei von Berâbra bewohnten Dörfern, führte in altägyptischer Zeit den Namen Ab… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Elephantine — Elephantīne, jetzt Dschesīret Assuān, ägypt. Nilinsel, Assuan gegenüber; Ruinen …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Elephantine — (jetzt Dschesiret Assuan), Nilinsel bei Syene, an der Gränze Aegyptens, unter dem letzten Nilfalle, außerordentlich fruchtbar, hatte einen Nilmesser, Tempel, deren Ruinen seit 1818 zum Kalkbrennen benutzt wurden …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • elephantine — index ponderous, prodigious (enormous) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”